Segunda-feira, 9 de Agosto de 2004

TRICÓRNIO DE LATA

smith_guardia_civil.jpg

As imagens de guardiães da ordem podem ser dadas de várias formas. Nos sistemas mais autoritários, essas imagens tendem a ter um valor simbólico fortalecido como factor de brutalidade de presença sob a forma de ameaça. O sentido será avisar que “cá estamos” numa presença marcante de a vigilância não baixar a guarda. Noutros casos, nas democracias maduras, as forças da ordem tendem a esbater a sua visibilidade, embora mostrando uma mutação profunda em situações de conflitos agudos.

Constatei as mais diversas variantes de presença, desde discreta até ao demasiado ostensivo, de forças da ordem em vários países, em várias situações políticas e de regimes. Mas em todos os casos, haviam sinais de comunicação de linguagem repressiva bem definidos por opção da filosofia do Estado. E estes símbolos diziam muito de essencial na relação entre o Estado e os cidadãos.

Nunca vi nada de semelhante à imagem de brutalidade que era dada pela Guardia Civil na Espanha de Franco. Os rostos tinham um recorte profundamente boçal e fechado, via-se que o diálogo seria sempre impossível, aquele chapéu metálico de tricórnio era uma marca, só por si, de brutalidade sem limite. Era a imagem mais acabada de um Estado contra os cidadãos. Mesmo depois da passagem ao regime democrático, o tricórnio de lata ainda sobreviveu anos a fio. Hoje, quando se viaja por Espanha, constata-se que a aparência da Guardia Civil mudou profundamente. E já usam, na cabeça, um vulgar boné! Finalmente, o Estado espanhol deixou de ter necessidade de sinalizar que se considerava sob ameaça permanente dos espanhóis.

(uma fotografia de W. Eugene Smith ilustra este post)
publicado por João Tunes às 02:08
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