Sexta-feira, 2 de Abril de 2004

HERANÇA DO MEDO

PIDE-DGS[1].jpg>

Bom prenúncio a entrevista de hoje no Público da historiadora Irene Pimentel que está a preparar uma tese de doutoramento sobre a actividade da PIDE entre 1945 e 1974. Faz bem à memória de uns, à amnésia de outros e à ignorância de muitos. Porque a entrevista aguça o apetite para o resultado final deste trabalho académico.

O tema PIDE pode parecer, mas não é, coisa para historiadores, passados que são trinta anos sobre a extinção da polícia política que foi o pilar fundamental da longevidade da ditadura de Salazar e prolongada por Caetano. É que, além e independentemente dos sofrimentos infligidos a tantas gerações de portugueses que pensavam diferente, sou de opinião que a PIDE continua presente, e bem presente, na sociedade portuguesa dos nossos dias. Como assim?

Verdade que temos democracia consolidada e liberdade de expressão. Verdade que podemos assumir quaisquer posições políticas. Verdade também que não há falta de liberdade para discutir, militar num partido ou inventar um novo quando se entende que os que existem não servem. Verdade. Mas um país e uma sociedade não se inventam nem mudam em meia dúzia de décadas quanto mais em três.

Vejamos:

- Em 1974, haviam 3.000 funcionários activos na PIDE. Somem-se os reformados e os retirados. Onde estão? O que fazem hoje? E quantos rapazes, raparigas, homens e mulheres dos tempos que correm, são filhos, sobrinhos e netos de pides?

- Em 1974, um em cada 400 portugueses, num total estimado em 30.000, eram informadores regulares da PIDE. Quem eram? Onde estão? O que fazem hoje? E quantos cidadãos de hoje não foram educados em famílias onde parte dos proventos vieram das denúncias pagas sobre vizinhos, colegas e amigos de café?

- Muitos presos não aguentaram a tortura da PIDE e traíram. Falaram, denunciaram. Quem eram? Onde estão? O que fazem hoje? Quantos cidadãos não foram educados em famílias sob o sindroma da fraqueza e da traição?

- E o medo? O medo? Sim, esse terrível flagelo do Medo. O medo herdado do recalcamento da opinião e da posição porque os informadores bufavam, os pides prendiam e alguns presos traíam amigos, colegas e camaradas. Quantos medos de hoje não são filhos, sobrinhos e netos dos medos de antes de 1974? Pois, sobretudo o Medo.
publicado por João Tunes às 21:42
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